# Time: clock times to the minute and measuring duration

This guide provides a sequence of small steps for exploring time, from telling the time to 5-minute and 1-minute intervals and using a.m., p.m. and the 24-hour clock through to finding, comparing and measuring duration.

Year level(s) Year 2, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5, Year 6
Audience Teacher
Purpose Teaching resource, Teaching strategies
Teaching strategies and pedagogical approaches Questioning, Explicit teaching
Keywords time, clock, half past, quarter past, quarter to, hours, minutes, seconds, 24-hour clock, explicit teaching

## Curriculum alignment

Curriculum connections Numeracy
Strand and focus Number, Measurement, Build understanding
AC: Mathematics (V9.0) content descriptions
AC9M2M04
Recognise and read the time represented on an analog clock to the hour, half-hour and quarter-hour

AC9M2M03
Identify the date and determine the number of days between events using calendars

AC9M3M03
Recognise and use the relationship between formal units of time including days, hours, minutes and seconds to estimate and compare the duration of events

AC9M4M03

Solve problems involving the duration of time including situations involving "am" and "pm" and conversions between units of time

AC9M5M03
Compare 12- and 24-hour time systems and solve practical problems involving the conversion between them

AC9M6M03
Interpret and use timetables and itineraries to plan activities and determine the duration of events and journeys

Numeracy progression Measuring time (P2, P3, P4, P5)
Interpreting fractions (P3)
Counting processes (P6)