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Counting and place value

This comprehensive guide descibes the stages involved as children learn to count. Each developmental stage is described in detail and illustrated with classroom activities.

Additional details

Year level(s) Foundation, Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4
Purpose Content knowledge, Teaching strategies
Format Downloadable resources
Teaching strategies and pedagogical approaches Worked examples, Metacognitive strategies, Concrete Representational Abstract model
Keywords counting,, place value, subitising, cardinality, order

Curriculum alignment

Curriculum connections Numeracy
Strand and focus Number, Build understanding, Apply understanding
Topics Place value, Addition and subtraction
AC: Mathematics (V9.0) content descriptions

Name, represent and order numbers including zero to at least 20, using physical and virtual materials and numerals

Recognise, represent and order numbers to at least 120 using physical and virtual materials, numerals, number lines and charts

Recognise, represent and order numbers to at least 1000 using physical and virtual materials, numerals and number lines


Recognise, represent and order natural numbers using naming and writing conventions for numerals beyond 10,000

Recognise and extend the application of place value to tenths and hundredths and use the conventions of decimal notation to name and represent decimals

Numeracy progression Number and place value (P2, P4, P5, P6, P7)

Copyright details


International Centre of Excellence for Education in Mathematics


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