Knowledge of stone tools

Stone tools incorporates Indigenous Knowledges (IK) through sharing the significance of stones and rocks for Indigenous peoples. Stones were used in tool-making, for hunting purposes, in food preparation, in trade and in story sharing.

View these custodians who share their IK about connections to stone tools. When considering the Goompi model, the IK contexts presented in the video represent the Reality part of the four-part model.

This video of IK in action enables educators to listen, view and reflect on holistic opportunities for teaching and learning in the context of cultures. It provides relevance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students, allowing them real opportunities to see the connections between mathematics and their cultures. This empowers students to have a strong sense of pride and view mathematics through their own cultural lens.

These IK contexts serve as examples for educators to work within the Third Cultural Space with their own local communities and contextualise this knowledge from their perspectives.


View the accompanying Knowledge of stone tools poster that demonstrates mathematical experiences that can be customised to suit local contexts.

Use these ideas as a starting point to customise content for your local context.

© 2023 Commonwealth of Australia. These resources may be used under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. These resources were created by Stronger Smarter Institute and Indigenous knowledge-holders.