Place value: numbers to 100 and 1,000

This guide provides a sequence of steps for building place value understanding, from representing numbers to 100 through to comparing objects and numbers to 1,000.

Year level(s) Year 2, Year 3
Audience Teacher
Purpose Teaching resource, Teaching strategies
Teaching strategies and pedagogical approaches Questioning, Explicit teaching
Keywords place value, base 10, base 10 blocks, reasoning, problem-solving, addition, part-whole model, explicit teaching

Curriculum alignment

Curriculum connections Numeracy
Strand and focus Number, Build understanding
Topics Addition and subtraction, Place value
AC: Mathematics (V9.0) content descriptions
AC9M2N01
Recognise, represent and order numbers to at least 1000 using physical and virtual materials, numerals and number lines

AC9M2N02
Partition, rearrange, regroup and rename two- and three-digit numbers using standard and non-standard groupings; recognise the role of a zero digit in place value notation

AC9M2N04
Add and subtract one- and two-digit numbers, representing problems using number sentences and solve using part-part-whole reasoning and a variety of calculation strategies

AC9M3A02
Extend and apply knowledge of addition and subtraction facts to 20 to develop efficient mental strategies for computation with larger numbers without a calculator

Numeracy progression Number and place value (P5)