# Mass, capacity and temperature: grams, kilograms, millilitres, litres and degrees

This guide provides a sequence of steps starting with revisiting concepts of mass and capacity using non-standard units before moving through practical activities where standard units are introduced and applied.

Year level(s) Year 2, Year 3, Year 4
Audience Teacher
Purpose Teaching resource, Teaching strategies
Teaching strategies and pedagogical approaches Questioning, Concrete Representational Abstract model, Explicit teaching
Keywords weight, mass, capacity, volume, non-standard unit, standard unit, reasoning, problem-solving, explicit teaching

## Curriculum alignment

Curriculum connections Numeracy
Strand and focus Number, Measurement, Build understanding
Topics Addition and subtraction, Properties of number, Mass and capacity, Using units of measurement
AC: Mathematics (V9.0) content descriptions
AC9M2M01
Measure and compare objects based on length, capacity and mass using appropriate uniform informal units and smaller units for accuracy when necessary

AC9M3M01
Identify which metric units are used to measure everyday items; use measurements of familiar items and known units to make estimates

AC9M4M01
Interpret unmarked and partial units when measuring and comparing attributes of length, mass, capacity, duration and temperature, using scaled and digital instruments and appropriate units

Numeracy progression Understanding units of measurement (P3, P6)